MATERIALS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS
Gora Roman, Chernihiv National University of Technology (95 Shevchenka Str., 14027 Chernihiv, Ukraine)
Ihnatenko Paul, Chernihiv National University of Technology (95 Shevchenka Str., 14027 Chernihiv, Ukraine)
Urgency of the research. Сhoice of materials have an important influence on a quality rating of wood products, in particular on the strength and durability, safety and aesthetic demands.
Target setting. Characteristic of all wood products is determined by the cost of its design and manufacture. Particularly, the service life and durability, compliance with the functional requirements and the cost of products depend on the level of their construction rationality. These indicators are defined including optimal structural material arguments.
Actual scientific researches and issues analysis. The works by Z.Y. Diachun (National forestry engineering university of Ukraine), A.A. Bartashevich and S.P. Trofimov is mainly concerned withfurniture designing. The work by L.I. Radchuk is concerned with designing products from wood and rational choice of construction materials.
Uninvestigated parts of general matters defining. Quality of wood products directly depends on materials which are used in production. Informed choice of materials provides reliability, durability, safety, stability of form and dimensions of the product according to conditions of operation.
The research objective. Overview wood materials for furniture manufacturing and other wood products. It is shown advantages and disadvantages wood materials and their field of application.
The statement of basic materials. Wood is quite strong and light constructional material. It can be easy machined, has very good decorative properties. Negative properties of wood can be determinate asanisotropy, hygroscopicity and biological instability.
For producing goods applied natural materials such as carving wood (boards, bars etc.), sliced veneer and rotary cut veneer.
Wood materials are obtained dividing wood at first and then glue parts together. Depending on a basic material there are glued bulk materials, sliced materials (veneer), combined materials (carving wood and veneer), glued (from scobs and fibers).
To wood materials relate one- and multilayer boards, veneer, laminboards, hollow boards, fiberboards, Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF), wood-particle boards, oriented strand board (OSB). Basicallywood materials are used for furniture production and building.
Conclusions. This review for wood products and materials gives a general idea about wood materials, their structure, properties and field of applications. This information can be useful for students at studying subject « Designing products from wood ».
wood, material, lumber, veneer, plywood, furniture
1. Goncharov, N.A., Bashinskii, V.Yu., Buglai B.M. (1990). Tehnologiia izdelii iz drevesiny [Wooden products technology]. (2th ed., rev. and enl.). Moscow: Lesnaia promyshlenost (in Russian).
2. Diachun, Z.Y. (2007). Konstruiuvannia mebliv: Korpusni vyroby [Furniture design: casewoods]. Kyiv: Kyievo-Mohylianska akademiia (in Ukrainian).
3. Bartashevich, A.A., Trofimov, S.P. (2006). Konstruirovanie mebeli [Furniture design]. Minsk: Sovremennaya shkola (in Russian).
4. Radchuk, L.I. (2006). Osnovy konstruirovaniia izdelii iz drevesiny [Designing principles of wooden products]. Moscow: GOU VPO MGUL (in Russian).